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Birthstones, Anniversary Gems, Zodiac Gemstones and Their Lore

The LongLocks HairSticks Boutique's Ultimate Birthstones, Anniversary, Zodiac Gemstones and Lore Chart provides a comprehensive listing of traditional birthstones, modern birthstones, Zodiac birthstones and anniversary gemstones, as well as the lore and legends associated with these gems.

Visit the LongLocks PearliStix page for hair jewelry designed with a hand applied genuine mother-of-pearl finish in an array of beautiful colors, the LongLocks Special Edition Designs page for hair jewelry created with genuine gemstones and art glass beads, or search the site above to find one-of-a-kind LongLocks designs created using the components in the "Crystal or Gemstone" column below.
For a complete reference to the beads and findings used in one-of-a-kind LongLocks hair jewelry, please refer to our Beads, Gems and Precious Metals Glossary. To find the hues of gems best to coordinate with your haircolor, please see our Hair Jewelry Color Chart.

Traditional Birthstones | Modern Birthstones | Zodiac Birthstones | Anniversary Gemstones

Traditional Birthstones by Month

Month

Birthstone

Crystal/
Gemstone

Gemstone Lore

Garnet January Garnet Garnet
Siam
Garnet is a richly colored and beautiful gem appearing hues from dark red to fuchsia pink. Garnet lore suggests the gemstone brings romance, makes one more empathetic and sparks creativity.
Amethyst February Amethyst Amethyst
Cardinal (Swarovski)
Violet
Lavender
Tanzanite
Amethyst is a stunningly beautiful quartz crystal, and is among the most popular. The gem occurs in a range of colors from pale pink to deep royal purple. Best known as an aid to sobriety, amethyst lore also suggests the gem assists in concentration and has a zen-like calming effect. It is said to encourage the ability to heal and love, while increasing inspiration and intuition.
Bloodstone March Bloodstone Bloodstone Bloodstone occurs in deep forest green with small specks of brilliant red appearing throughout the gem. The legend of the origin of the stone suggests it was first formed when drops of Christ's blood fell and stained jasper that lay beneath the cross. The gem is said to increase courage, healing and renewal, while increasing strength and enabling intuitive decision making.
Diamond April Diamond Crystal Aurora Borealis
Crystal Transmission (Swarovski)
Rock Crystal
Diamond, although contrary to popular opinion, is far from a rare gem and its exhorbitant price is kept high more by monopolistic control than rarity; however, it is the most coveted of all the precious gemstones. Origination of the word "diamond" comes from the Greek term "adamas," meaning "invincible." Because diamond is the hardest of all gemstones, and the one by which the hardness of all other gemstones are measured, the name is quite fitting. Diamond is said to offer protection to the wearer, and diamond lore suggests the gem encourages courage and strength as well. Diamond is of course most often linked with love and romance, and it is also believed to be extremely bad luck to steal a diamond. The Greeks considered diamonds to be the tears of the gods, while the ever-romantic Romans thought them to have splintered from falling stars.

Cubic zirconia, a man made substitute for diamond, is created using a complicated process. This radiant crystal is created by combining zirconium oxide and yttrium oxide, which is heated to almost 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit and then carefully cooled in order to create flawless, superbly sparkling crystals. The result is a stone that is durable, brilliant and quite beautiful.

Moissanite is almost as hard, and actually has an amazing 2.4 times more fire and 10% more brilliance than natural diamond. Lab created moissanite is quickly becoming the most desired stone to replace natural diamonds. Moissanite does occur naturally but as natural moissanite is only found in certain types of meteor craters, it is extremely rare (much rarer than diamonds) and only found in tiny quantities. A truly stunning gemstone, moissanite is by no means inexpensive but remains much more affordable than natural diamond.
Emerald May Emerald Emerald
Erinite (Swarovski)
Olivine
Green Jade
Emerald has been coveted as a gemstone for centuries, so coveted that few viable emerald mines remain today and newly-mined emeralds of high quality are extremely rare. Emerald lore suggests the gem preserves chastity, protects one from evil spirits, bestows eloquence and intelligence, and encourages romance.
Alexandrite June Alexandrite Alexandrite
Light Amethyst
Violet (Swarovski)
Alexandrite is coveted for its color-changing attribute and is among the rarest and most valuable of all gemstones. Alexandrite lore suggests the gem's strongest aspect is one of healing. It is thought to bring balance and calmness to the mind. Alexandrite is also thought to help one overcome lack of confidence, low self-esteem, and to encourage direction and focus in life.
Ruby July Ruby Ruby
Light Siam
Fuchsia
Ruby usually occurs in a beautiful shade of deep fuchsia pink, not the true red with which they are often erroneously associated. Ruby lore suggests the gemstone protects one from misfortune and ill-health, and can bring reconcilliation to lover's quarrels. The ruby symbolizes success, devotion and integrity. Ruby appears as accent stones in engagement rings more often than any other colored gem and have traditionally been a symbol of passion and a promise of the heart.
Sardonyx August Sardonyx Sardonyx Sardonyx most often occurs in a wide range of deep reds, browns and black. Sardonyx lore suggests the gemstone imparts strength and provides protection. The gem is said to promote integrity and virtue, and to encourage the quest for a meaningful existence. Sardonyx is also purported to improve ones perception and to improve intelligence.
Sapphire September Sapphire Sapphire
Dark Sapphire
Montana Blue
Capri Blue
Sapphire naturally occurs in almost all the colors of the rainbow but is most commonly associated with shades of blue that range from periwinkle to deep, almost black, navy blue. Coveted for centuries as a gemstone, sapphire lore suggests the gemstone encourages chastity, imparts wisdom and truth and enhances perception. It is also said to help maintain peace of mind and serenity. Sapphires are also associated with romance, fidelity and undying devotion.
Tourmaline October Tourmaline Tourmaline
Turmaline (Swarovski)
Tourmaline is a popular gemstone that occurs in a variety of colors from deep blues to many hues of greens to shades of rose pink. Tourmaline lore suggests the gem promotes female balance and protection while helping to dispell fears, calm nerves and encourage tranquil and recuperative sleep.
Citrine November Citrine Citrine
Jonquil
Citrine is a sunny quartz gemstone that comes in a wide variety of yellow, orange and warm brown tones. Citrine and amethyst quartz crystals often grow together and stones are sometimes cut to include both gems, known as "Ametrine." Citrine lore suggests the gem promotes creativity, personal clarity and helps to eliminate self-destructive tendencies.
Zircon December Zircon
Turquoise
Lapis Lazuli
Blue Zircon
Turquoise
Lapis Lazuli
Blue zircon is a beautiful transparent blue gem. Zircon lore suggests the gemstone brings prosperity, maintains one's honor, encourages wisdom and brings restful sleep.

Turquoise, which occurs naturally in hues that range from yellow to green to aqua blue and is dyed in an even wider range of colors, has been treasured as a gemstone for centuries. Sleeping Beauty turquoise, mined only from the Sleeping Beauty mine in Arizona, is among the most beautiful and treasured turquoise in the world. Turquoise lore suggests the gem strengthens the body and enhances creative expression, peace of mind, emotional balance, communication, friendship and loyalty.

Lapis lazuli is one of the most treasured of all the opaque semiprecious gems. The gemstone occurs in blues that range from faded denim to deep navy. Lapis Lazuli lore suggests the stone releases tension and anxiety and increases mental clarity, including creative expression.

Modern Birthstones by Month

Month

Birthstone

Crystal/
Gemstone

Gemstone Lore

Garnet January Garnet Garnet
Siam
See Garnet
Amethyst February Amethyst Amethyst
Cardinal (Swarovski)
Violet
Lavender
Tanzanite
See Amethyst
Aquamarine March Aquamarine Aquamarine
Light Azore (Swarovski)
Light Sapphire
Aquamarine naturally occurs in hues from deep aqua blue to almost white. At one point in history the gemstone was believed to be the gift of mermaids. Aquamarine lore suggests the stone aids in clearing one's mind and enables intellect and self-expression; encourages compassion, love and tolerance; and increases coourage.
Crystal Aurora Borealis April Diamond Crystal Aurora Borealis
Crystal Transmission (Swarovski)
Rock Crystal
See Diamond

See Cubic Zirconia

See Moissanite
Emerald Gemstone May Emerald Emerald
Erinite (Swarovski)
Olivine
Green Jade
See Emerald
Pearl June Pearl
Moonstone
Pearl
Moonstone
Cultured pearls are among the most elegant and enduring of all gemstones. Though they occur naturally in several colors, they are often dyed in a rainbow of beautiful hues. Pearl lore suggests the gemstones strengthen the mind, help control anger and improve memory. They are said to have a calming and peaceful effect, and encourage feelings of compassion and love. They are also believed to enable the wearer to look within.

Moonstone, especially rainbow moonstone, is a simply gorgeous gemstone that almost glows in lovely hues of blues! Moonstone lore suggests the gem is an emotional balancer that helps to minimize the tendency to over-react and provides flexibility in attitudes, as well as relieving stress.
Ruby July Ruby Ruby
Light Siam
Fuchsia
See Ruby
Peridot August Peridot Peridot
Chrysolite (Swarovski)
Peridot is a brilliantly colored lime or olive green gem. Peridot lore suggests the gemstone helps to make dreams a reality, and is the a symbol of fame, dignity and protection. Legend has it that pirates used peridot to guard them against evil.
Sapphire September Sapphire Sapphire
Dark Sapphire
Montana Blue
Capri Blue
See Sapphire
Opal October Opal
Tourmaline
Opal
White Opal (Swarovski)
Tourmaline
Turmaline (Swarovski)
Opal is a stunning gemstone that glows with firey colors from witin. Opal lore suggests the gem clarifies one's emotions and desires. The stone symbolizes hope and purity, and has traditionally been used as a good luck charm or talisman. Opals were even used to detect the presence of poison at one time. They are also said to eliminate nightmares, enhance power and attract fortune.

See Tourmaline
Citrine November Citrine
Yellow Topaz
Citrine
Light Topaz
Smoke Topaz
Colorado Topaz (Swarovski)
Topaz
Jonquil
Smokey Quartz
See Citrine

Topaz is a very popular gem that can be found in many hues from white to yellow to various shades of blue. Topaz lore suggests the gem can heal both physical and mental disorders, as well as prevent death. It is also believed to be a powerful amulet to protect one from injury.
Blue Topaz December Turquoise
Blue Topaz
Turquoise
Blue Topaz
See Turquoise

See Topaz

Zodiac Birthstones by Sign

Sign

Birthstone

Crystal/
Gemstone

Gemstone Lore

Bloodstone Aries Bloodstone Bloodstone See Bloodstone
Sapphire Taurus Sapphire Sapphire
Dark Sapphire
Montana Blue
Capri Blue
See Sapphire
Agate Gemini Agate Agate Agate naturally appears in a wide range of natural and enhanced translucent colors. Gemstone lore suggests this gem helps to balance yin yang energy, and enhances creativity and strengthens the intellect. It is also thought to bring good luck and instill harmony. It is believed that agate improves courage, emotional strength and self-confidence, and encourages marital and romantic fidelity. The gem is considered to be a very protective stone for children.
Emerald Cancer Emerald Emerald
Erinite (Swarovski)
Olivine
Green Jade
See Emerald
Black Onyx Leo Onyx Onyx
Jet
Onyx is a beautiful opaque or translucent gemstone that appears in colors from white to green to the most popular shade of jet black. The gem occurs naturally in many colors but is best known as black. Onyx lore suggests the gem increases happiness, intuition, and instincts while helping to break bad habits.
Carnelian Virgo Carnelian Carnelian Carnelian, a form of chalcedony, occurs in translucent hues ranging from sienna to deep red. Carnelian lore suggests the stone enhances attunement with the inner self and improves concentration.
Peridot Libra Peridot Peridot
Chrysolite (Swarovski)
See Peridot
Beryl Scorpio Beryl Beryl See Emerald
Smoked Topaz Sagittarius Topaz Light Topaz
Smoke Topaz
Colorado Topaz (Swarovski)
Blue Topaz
Topaz
See Topaz
Ruby Capricorn Ruby Ruby
Light Siam
Fuchsia
See Ruby
Garnet Aquarius Garnet Garnet
Siam
See Garnet
Amethyst Pisces Amethyst Amethyst
Cardinal (Swarovski)
Royal Purple
See Amethyst

Anniversary Gemstones by Wedding Anniversary Year

Year

Gemstone

Crystal/
Gemstone

Gemstone Lore

Mother-of-Pearl 1st Anniversary Mother-of-Pearl Mother-of-Pearl Mother-of-pearl is a very popular gemstone that is beautiful in its natural, pearlescent shade of cream but it is often dyed in a huge range of colors, and is most often simply bleached white. Mother-of pearl lore suggests the gemstone brings wealth, power and longevity.
Garnet 2nd Anniversary Garnet Garnet
Dark Siam
See Garnet
Moonstone 3rd Anniversary Moonstone Moonstone See Moonstone
Blue Topaz 4th Anniversary Blue Topaz Blue Topaz
Light Sapphire
See Topaz
Rose Quartz 5th Anniversary Rose Quartz Rose Quartz
Light Rose
Rose
Rose quartz is a lovely, feminine gemstone. Rose quartz lore suggests the stone increases fertility, helps clear stored anger, guilt, and jealousy, as well as reduces stress and tension while enhancing self-confidence and creativity.
Amethyst 6th Anniversary Amethyst Amethyst
Cardinal (Swarovski)
See Amethyst
Black Onyx 7th Anniversary Onyx Onyx
Jet
See Onyx
Tourmaline 8th Anniversary Tourmaline Tourmaline
Turmaline (Swarovski)
See Tourmaline
Lapis Lazuli 9th Anniversary Lapis Lazuli Lapis Lazuli See Lapis Lazuli
Crystal Aurora Borealis 10th Anniversary Crystal Crystal Aurora Borealis
Rock Crystal
Swarovski® crystal is the most coveted of all manmade crystals because of its incredible clarity, the precision of its faceting, and its availability in a huge range of beautiful, deeply saturated colors.
Turquoise 11th Anniversary Turquoise Turquoise See Turquoise
Jade 12th Anniversary Jade Green Jade
Lavender Jade
Lilac Jade
Yellow Jade
Red Jade
Aqua Jade
Coral Jade
Black Jade
White Jade
Jade naturally occurs in many colors, is most treasured in green, and is dyed in an even wider range of hues. Jade lore suggests the gem increases longevity and fertility, and brings balance to emotions.
Citrine 13th Anniversary Citrine Citrine
Jonquil
See Citrine
Opal 14th Anniversary Opal Opal
White Opal (Swarovski)
See Opal
Alexandrite 15th Anniversary Alexandrite Alexandrite See Alexandrite
Peridot 16th Anniversary Peridot Peridot
Chrysolite (Swarovski)
See Peridot
Carnelian 17th Anniversary Carnelian Carnelian See Carnelian
Chrysoprase 18th Anniversary Tigereye
Chrysoprase
Tigereye
Chrysoprase
Tigereye, also known as cat's eye, is mesmerizing with its hypnotizing swirls of satiny browns and golds. Tigereye lore suggests the gem balances the emotions and enhances power and will while softening stubbornness and increasing perception and insight.

Chrysoprase is an extremely valuable semiprecious gemstone that appears in wide range of greens and has been treasured for centuries. Chrysoprase lore suggests the stone brings happiness and prudence as well as bringing balance to physical, mental and emotional well-being.
Aquamarine 19th Anniversary Aquamarine Aquamarine
Light Azore (Swarovski)
Light Sapphire
See Aquamarine
Emerald 20th Anniversary Emerald Emerald
Erinite (Swarovski)
Olivine
See Emerald
Iolite 21st Anniversary Iolite Iolite Iolite is a gorgeous stone and its appearance changes from deep blue, to violet purple, to almost clear when viewed from the side. Because of this phenomenon it is also known as water sapphire. Iolite lore suggests the gem enhances curiosity and aids in meditation, as well assisting in detoxification, maintaining sobriety and helping to build relationships.
Zircon 22nd Anniversary Zircon Blue Zircon See Blue Zircon
Smoked Topaz 23rd Anniversary Yellow Topaz Light Topaz
Smoke Topaz
Colorado Topaz (Swarovski)
Topaz
See Topaz
Tanzanite 24th Anniversary Tanzanite Tanzanite Tanzanite is a stunning gemstone that ranges from periwinkle blue to deep lilac purple, and can even occur with an occassional flash of green. Tanzanite lore suggests the gemstone has calming properties and helps to keep one organized and productive. It is also believed that tanzanite can help one overcome misfortune and protects travelers from danger.
Sterling Silver 25th Anniversary Sterling Silver Sterling Silver Sterling silver is a precious metal commonly used in jewelry. It has the highest light refraction rate of any of the white metals. Sterling silver is marked with a stamp validating it as .975 percent pure silver. The more expensive fine silver is .999 percent pure.
Pearl 30th Anniversary Pearl Pearl See Cultured Pearls
Emerald 35th Anniversary Emerald Emerald See Emerald
Ruby 40th Anniversary Ruby Ruby
Light Siam
Fuchsia
See Ruby
Sapphire 45th Anniversary Sapphire Sapphire
Dark Sapphire
See Sapphire
22kt. Gold Vermeil 50th Anniversary Gold Gold
Vermeil
Gold is the most coveted of precious metals used in jewelry. While yellow gold is the most popular color of gold, different minerals are often added to gold to create white gold, rose gold, green gold, brown gold and even black gold. The gold used in jewelry is most commonly 14kt. or 18kt. Pure gold is 24kt.
Diamond 60th Anniversary Diamond Crystal Aurora Borealis See Diamond

See Cubic Zirconia

See Moissanite

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